2006 WV Statistics
FEWER AMERICANS INJURED, KILLED ON THE JOB
The expansion of
· Tougher worker-safety standards, whether voluntary or imposed under laws such as the 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act.
· The reduction or export of high-risk mining, metals and manufacturing jobs.
· An increase in the number of working women, whose accident rate is about a tenth that of men.
· A decline in the number of small farms, where worker fatalities always have been high. "The kids didn't get to use the new $50,000 tractor," explained Guy Toscano, the retired director of the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "They got the old one without the roll bar and the other safety equipment."
The latest numbers, released in
August, showed that commercial fishing is the most dangerous
Overall, workplace deaths totaled 5,702 for 2005, about 200 shy of the all-time low in 2003.
Three of the four leading causes of workplace fatalities are holding steady: highway deaths, falls and a category called “struck by object.” There’s been progress in the fourth: homicides. Convenience store employees and gas station operators – all of whom work with cash at night, often alone, and in all kinds of neighborhoods – are the main beneficiaries. About 75 percent of workplace killings begin as robberies.
For cabbies, the lifesavers are
video cameras and partitions that separate drivers and passengers, according to
Lucille Burrascano, a retired
For convenience store and gas station workers, one key was better lighting and visibility inside and out, according to workplace-violence consultant Rosemary Erickson, the president of Athena Research Corp. of San Diego, CA, and Sioux Falls, SD. Among her clients: 7-Eleven, Burger King, Wawa Food stores and British Petroleum.
Employees are instructed to cooperate when robbers confront them. Stores also discourage robbers with perimeter fencing that makes it harder to escape, plus drop boxes for cash and big signs noting that the register holds $40 cash or less.
The last strategy, along with many
of the others, reflects insights that Erickson gained from interviewing more
than 400 adult and teen robbers in
The BLS reports that workplace
homicides in 2005 were down to 564 from a 1994 peak of 1,080. Here are the year-by-year numbers of
· 1992 - 1,044
· 1993 - 1,074
· 1994 - 1,080
· 1995 - 1,036
· 1996 - 927
· 1997 - 860
· 1998 - 714
· 1999 - 651
· 2000 - 677
· 2001 - 643
· 2002 - 609
· 2003 - 632
· 2004 - 559
· 2005 - 564